Since 2000, the Society for threatened Peoples honors with the Victor-Gollancz Prize individuals or organizations who denounce crimes against humanity and who speak up for the victims as well as associations of people with a common destiny who had to tope with severe human rights violations. Victor Gollancz (1893-1967), a Polish-Jewish publisher, author, and humanist, was born in London. For 30 years, he stood up against facism and national socialism, against hunger and poverty, against the death penalty, for the displaced Germans and refugees, and for understanding among peoples. After the end of the war, he organized an airlift with humanitarian aid to Germany and Eastern Europe. Along with Bertrand Russell and Robert Jungk, he was one of the initiators of the movement against atomic weapons.